What Is Unleavened Bread

What Is Unleavened Bread? Learn Its History And Recipes

Unleavened bread, a staple as ancient as civilization itself, stands as a testament to the simplicity and ingenuity of traditional baking methods. This article dives into the heart of what makes unleavened bread not just a food item but a cultural and historical artifact. With expert insights into its preparation, significance across various cultures, and versatile applications, we aim to shed light on this humble yet profound staple. Whether you’re a culinary enthusiast eager to explore the roots of baking or someone curious about the cultural significance of this bread, our comprehensive exploration promises to enrich your understanding and appreciation. But what is unleavened bread? Unleavened bread, devoid of rising agents such as yeast or baking powder, presents a fascinating study in minimalism and tradition. As we unfold its story, from ancient rituals to modern-day tables, we invite you on a journey that transcends mere sustenance, offering a glimpse into the very essence of human ingenuity and cultural identity. Join us as we uncover the secrets of unleavened bread, revealing not just the hows but the whys behind its enduring legacy.

What Is Unleavened Bread?

What Is Unleavened Bread?

Unleavened bread refers to a diverse range of breads that are made without rising agents like yeast. These breads are typically flat, although not all flat breads are unleavened. They serve as staple foods in different regions, such as tortilla in Central America and roti in South Asia. Unleavened bread is also significant in Christian liturgy and Eucharistic theology.

Ingredients & Instructions


  • Flour (all-purpose or whole wheat)
  • Salt
  • Water


  1. Combine the flour and salt in a bowl.
  2. Knead the dough by folding and pressing it for at least 10 minutes. This develops the gluten and gives unleavened bread its signature chewy texture.
  3. Gradually add water while kneading until the dough becomes smooth and elastic. It should be soft but not sticky.
  4. Roll or press the dough into rounds or other shapes. Make them thin for even cooking.
  5. Cook on a hot griddle or pan for 1-2 minutes per side until lightly browned. You can also bake or fry.
  6. Adjust serving size based on quantity. A cup of flour yields 1 medium round of bread.

Unleavened Bread Cooking Tips

  • Use medium-high heat to prevent burning
  • Cook each side 1-2 minutes only
  • Check bottom for golden brown spots
  • Stack rounds between paper towels to absorb excess oil

Serving & Enjoying

Beyond just a side dish, unleavened bread can be served in creative ways:

  • Filled or topped as a wrap or pizza
  • Cut into wedges for dipping
  • Baked into chips or crackers
  • Served with Mediterranean or Indian meals

It also pairs well with:

  • Olive oil and za’atar for dipping
  • Shakshouka – Poached eggs in tomato sauce
  • Labneh – Thick strained yogurt dip
  • Muhammara – Red pepper and walnut dip
  • Beef kebabs with tzatziki sauce
  • Chutneys like mint-cilantro or tamarind

Unleavened bread soaks up and complements the flavors of sauces, dips, and hearty stews.

Health & Storage

Unleavened bread is low in fat but high in carbs. A 1 oz. serving contains around:

  • 80-100 calories
  • 15-20 grams carbs
  • 2-3 grams protein
  • 0-1 grams fat

Store wrapped unleavened bread:

  • Countertop for up to 3 days
  • Fridge for up to 1 week
  • Freezer for up to 2 months

Variations & Pairings

Variations & Pairings

While unleavened bread is simple by nature, you can customize it to suit different tastes and occasions.

Types of Unleavened Breads

  • Matzah – Jewish unleavened bread for Passover
  • Injera – Spongy Ethiopian flatbread
  • Roti – Indian whole wheat flatbread
  • Tortilla – Mexican corn or flour rounds

Flavorful Variations

Mix herbs, spices, or other ingredients into the dough:

  • Herbs: basil, rosemary, oregano
  • Spices: garlic powder, cumin, paprika
  • Onions, sesame seeds, kalonji seeds
  • Blend flours: wheat, rye, chickpea, multigrain

Tasty Pairings

  • Dips – Hummus, babaganoush, labneh
  • Soups & stews – Lentil, chicken noodle, beef stew
  • Meat dishes – Shawarma, gyros, tacos
  • Veggie toppings – Grilled eggplant, roasted peppers, avocado

Unleavened bread complements a wide range of foods. Its mild flavor soaks up and enhances other ingredients.


With just flour, salt, and water, unleavened bread is one of the simplest yet most versatile foods. Try making your own unleavened flatbreads with creative herb and spice variations. Then enjoy dipping them into flavorful Mediterranean dips or serving alongside rich Indian curries. Unleavened bread soaks up the best of every meal.

4 thoughts on “What Is Unleavened Bread? Learn Its History And Recipes

  1. Greg Gardner says:

    I’ve heard that we use unleavened bread in the Latin Rite because the Hebrews used unleavened bread during Passover and Christ fulfills Passover; His body is our food. So it shows that Christ’s flesh is our “Passover” meal.

    • Winifred Bond says:

      I understand the reasoning behind it, but if the early Christians didn’t use unleavened bread it seems like we would need a good theological reason to change it.

  2. Dwight Harper says:

    Christ most certainly used unleavened bread at the Last Supper. The Copts, Armenians and Churches of Jerusalem use unleavened bread. St. Thomas Aquinas was of the opinion that the Easterners adopted leavened bread during the Ebionite Heresy, and that the Apostolic practice was to use unleavened bread. The West later returned to the Apostolic tradition.

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